EMI and Men at Work lose appeal on Kookaburra claim
Australia

COPYRIGHT Music Publishing The appeals court in Australia has upheld a Federal Court ruling that said Larrikin Music, publishers of Australian children’s classic ‘Kookaburra Sits In The Old Gumtree’, are due a share of all songwriting royalties on the Men At Work classic ‘Down Under’, because the short but distinctive flute sequence in the 1981 pop hit borrowed from the folk tune. The Federal Court ruled that Larrikin should get 5% of all ‘Down Under’ royalties dated paid back to 2002. EMI must also cover Larrikin’s legal costs in relation to the appeal. My good friend Jeremy Philips writing on the 1709 Copyright blog (www.the1709blog.blogspot.com) picked up on the following comment from  Emmett J, in which the judge expressed some disquiet concerning the finding of infringement: “If, as I have concluded, the relevant versions of Down Under involve an infringement of copyright, many years after the death of Ms Sinclair, and enforceable at the behest of an assignee, then some of the underlying concepts of modern copyright may require rethinking. While there are good policy reasons for encouraging the intellectual and artistic effort that produces literary, artistic and musical works, by rewarding the author or composer with some form of monopoly in…

Baidu to start to pay songwriters royalties and launch music service
China

COPYRIGHT Internet, music publishing Giant Chinese search engine Baidu have said that they have reached an agreement with the Music Copyright Society of China to start paying a publishing royalty on any MP3s downloaded or streamed via the search platform. Baidu has been the target of both criticism and legal actions in the past for its MP3 search function, which lets users specifically search the net for MP3 files by artist or song name – the Vast majority of which come from unlicensed servers. Under the new agreement with MCSC, Baidu will pass a share of advertising revenue on for every track accessed via the search platform from a new music service that Baidu plans to launch in May. Baidu spokesman Kaiser Kuo told Reuters the Baidu Ting service will offer streaming, downloads and social networking elements, and will be supported in part by advertising and is in talks with the major labels. http://www.digitaltrends.com/international/chinas-baidu-to-pay-royalities-on-downloaded-songs/

Digital player maker ‘incited consumers to break the law’, says ASA
Copyright / May 2011
UK

COPYRIGHT Technology The Advertising Standards Authority (ASA) have ruled that technology firm 3GA Limited must change the way it advertises its digital music player because the adverts encourage members of the public people to copy music and infringe copyright law. The ASA has told 3GA Ltd to find a new way to advertise the Brennan JB7 machine, which is a CD player with a hard disk. The machine records CDs, tapes cassettes or vinyl records on to its hard disk, which the company claims can hold up to 5,000 albums. The ASA found that 3GA’s adverts misleadingly implied that it was acceptable to copy music from discs and tapes on to the machine. In particular the copy said “It [the JB7] saves space and clutter and delivers near immediate access to an entire music collection” and “JB7 owners rediscover then fall in love with their music again simply because the Brennan makes it so accessible. The Brennan also records from vinyl and cassette so you can enjoy your entire music collection but keep it out of the way in another room or retire it to the attic.” In its defence 3GA had argued that “provided the user was playing music…

Cloudy Copyright Forecast for New Amazon Music Service
Copyright , Internet / May 2011
USA

COPYRIGHT Internet ARTICLE LINK:  Andrew Goldberg Corporate Counsel Amazon’s push to beat Google and Apple to the punch in unveiling its new “music locker” service this week could cause the company to face a combination of new copyright challenges. The e-commerce giant’s new cloud-based music service known as Cloud Drive, which lets users store the songs they purchase on Amazon’s servers and play them from almost anywhere, is certainly convenient. The problem is that it might not be entirely legal under copyright law, according to some… at issue is whether a service that offers consumers access to music via the cloud must first acquire licenses from the music labels that control the copyrights on that music. Amazon says that it doesn’t need a license. The copyright issue presented is one of first impression for the courts, and the debate will remain unsettled at least untilEMI and Others v MP3tunes LLC and Michael Robertso is resolved. In that case, which is pending in the Southern District of New York, various record labels and music publishers sued MP3tunes, alleging–among other things–that MP3tunes is directly liable for copyright infringement for allowing users to publicly perform, reproduce, and distribute their copyrighted works Read more at  http://www.law.com/jsp/cc/PubArticleCC.jsp?id=1202488704709&Cloudy_Copyright_Forecast_for_New_Amazon_Music_Service andhttp://www.eff.org/cases/emi-v-mp3tunes andhttp://thepriorart.typepad.com/files/emivmp3tunes-complaint.pdf (MP3tunes…

Digital age public interest group proposes reforms to copyright law
Copyright , Internet / May 2011
USA

COPYRIGHT Internet Public Knowledge, a consumer public interest group in Washington has re-iterated its reform proposals  to modernize copyright law addressing the subjects of fair-use, anti-piracy device circumvention, abuse of the copyright symbol, the notice and take-down provisions of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA,) the problem of incidental copies, and streaming music licensing. The group also wants to create new digital music rights organisations that would make the process of licensing of music online more efficient, and to clarify the rights associated with digital transmissions. Read more at http://broadbandbreakfast.com/2011/04/digital-age-public-interest-group-proposes-reforms-to-copyright-law/

Students lead in Tenenbaum appeal
Copyright , Internet / May 2011
USA

COPYRIGHT Internet As Jammie Rasset Thomas faces yet another trial, the Joel Tenenbaum case has now gone to appeal.By way of background, a federal jury awarded the Recording Industry Association of America, $675,000 under copyright laws and the Digital Theft Deterrence Act of 1999, which allowed for penalties as high as $4.5 million -or $150,000 for each song illegally and willfully downloaded and shared online. The laws required that jurors award at least $750 for each infringement. Last year, US District Court Judge Nancy Gertner slashed the award by 90 percent to $67,500, to $2,250 a song, saying the jury’s decision was “unconstitutionally excessive’ and that $67,500 would still serve to deter similar actions, she said. 27 year old Jason Harrow, a student at Harvard Law School and winner of the school’s 100th annual Ames Moot Court Competition, judged by Supreme Court Chief Justice John Roberts. Harrow argued that Congress never intended to punish individual consumers when passing a copyright bill more than a decade ago saying “No one thought the statue would apply to consumer users like this’’ Another of Tenenbaum’s lawyers, University professor Charles Nesson — argued yesterday that the federal copyright laws and the Digital Theft Deterrence…

EU Copyright appointment causes controversy
Copyright / May 2011
EU

COPYRIGHT All areas There has been a fair amount of controversy about the appointment of Maria Martin-Prat as the European Union’s new point person on copyright policy because Martin-Prat spent years directing global legal policy for the International Federation of Phonographic Industries (IFPI) the global recording industry’s London-based trade group as Deputy General Counsel, Director of Legal Policy and Regulatory Affairs. Two MEPs are questioning Martin-Prat’s appointment. Liberal Dutch MEP Marietje Schaake and Swedish Pirate Party MEP Christian Engström (no surprise with regards to the latter!)  have written to the European Commission, asking, “Does the Commission not see any problems in recruiting top civil servants from special interest organisations, especially when being put in charge of dossiers directly related to their former employers? If not, why not adding “Does the Commission feel that such an appointment would help to build confidence with the European Parliament and the general public that the Commission can be trusted to handle copyright-related issues in a fair and balanced manner?” The Commission should offer its own response in the next few weeks. http://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/news/2011/04/top-music-industry-lawyer-now-eu-copyright-chief.ars

Google answers Piracy Questions at Congressional Hearing
Copyright , Internet / May 2011
USA

COPYRIGHT Internet Google’s General Counsel faced questions about how its search engine can be used to locate pirated and counterfeit content online, during a hearing before the U.S. House Judiciary Committee’s Intellectual Property, Competition and the Internet Subcommittee. When asked by Rep. Bob Goodlatte (R-Va.) why its “autocomplete” search feature suggested so many infringing links, Google General Counsel Kent Walker testified that those suggestions are “a reflection of how many users are trying to seek infringing content,” according to PaidContent’s coverage. “It would seem to be feasible that those common search terms that are used to find pirated works on the internet — the results could be filtered out,” added Rep. Ben Quayle (R-Ariz.), according to PaidContent’s coverage. Walker went on to say that Google built a content filtering system for YouTube, but it would be impossible to remove unauthorized content without owners’ help — endorsing the “takedown notice” process laid out in the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA).  Walker added that Google does not want to be tasked with being the “judge, jury and executioner” when it comes to piracy, according to CNET’s coverage, but would cut off its advertising service for sites the government deemed to be engaged…

David Byrne settles with former Governor Crist over copyright claim
USA

COPYRIGHT Artist, music publishing Charlie Crist, the former governor of Florida has reached an out of court settlement with David Byrne, who sued the politician last year after he used the Talking Heads classic ‘Road To Nowhere’ in a YouTube video attacking a political rival without permission. Crist met with Byrne himself to discuss the million dollar lawsuit last week, and reached a settlement, the specific details of which are not known, though it included Crist posting a video online apologising for the infringement. Most politicians use music tracks at rallies in the USA but use there is usually covered by so called blanket licences. But once they create advertising online or on TV they need a ‘synchronisation licence’ to use the song – at Crist had none. Commenting on his meeting with Crist, the political dude said the Talking Heads man “couldn’t have been a better guy”, adding: “As I told him, I was sorry it ever happened at all. He couldn’t have been more of a gentleman about it”. Crist blamed his ad agency for not getting permission to use the song. Byrne, for his part, noted that an increasing number of American politicians seemed to be using pop songs…

Students see illegal downloading in a different light to the theft of a CD
Copyright , Internet / May 2011
USA

COPYRIGHT Internet A newly published study from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln published in the journal Psychology, Crime and Law, shows that young people (here students) think there’s a difference between stealing a CD from a store and pirating that same music online ,leading the study’s authors to believe that younger people are disconnected from the cost of media when they encounter it online. The study was, led by Professor Talia Wingrove, surveyed 172 undergraduate students in the midwestern US in the mid 2000s. The goal was to discover the difference in attitudes when it comes to shoplifting a CD, downloading an album from the Internet, or downloading and sharing the music with others. The researchers then ranked students’ reactions on scales of deterrence (risk of getting caught or punished by the law), morality (the activity being wrong or immoral), social influence (whether peers or parents would disapprove), respect for the industry, and obligation to obey the law. Overall, the sample agreed that shoplifting a CD was morally wrong, they were socially influenced not to do it, and they felt a high obligation to obey the law. Comparatively, the students ranked downloading music from the Internet asmuchless severe on nearly every scale – their…

Advocate General backs protection for ISPs
Copyright , Internet / May 2011
EU

COPYRIGHT Internet In a case between ISP Scarlet and Belgian music collection society SABAM, the ECJ’s Advocate General Pedro Cruz Villalón has given the opinion that “The installation of the filtering and blocking system is a restriction on the right to privacy of communications and the right to protection of personal data, both of which are rights protected under the Charter”. The case, originally in court back in 2007, resulted in Scarlet being ordered by the country’s courts to filter out copyright infringing content being shared by its customers. ISPs in the UK have long cited European legislation as justification as to why they can’t more proactively police copyright infringement.  Villalón did add that the Charter (of Fundamental Rights) does allow for the rights and freedoms of European internet users to be restricted by national law, but said that such restrictions must be ingrained in the legal systems of individual member states, and should be “accessible, clear and predictable”. That was not the case in the Scarlet judgment, he concluded meaning that the French law Hadopi and the UK’s own Digital Economy Act are not necessarily in breach of the ruling. CMU Daily  www.thecmuwebsite.com  18 April 2010

Prince bemoans cover versions
USA

COPYRIGHT Music publishing Prince has complained about the fact that other artists can cover his songs in an interview with George Lopez in which he tells the talk show host why the law should be changed so that nobody else in music can create cover versions of his hit songs, including “Kiss” and “Purple Rain.” “My problem is when the industry covers the music,” says Prince. “There’s this thing called compulsory licensing law that allows artists through the record companies to take your music at will without your permission. And that doesn’t exist in any other art form, be it books, movies — There’s only one version of ‘Law & Order.’ There’s several versions of ‘Kiss’ and ‘Purple Rain.” http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/thr-esq/prince-wants-laws-changed-eliminate-181477

India’s police bemoan ineffective piracy laws
Copyright / May 2011
India

COPRIGHT Film and television, sound recordings The Deccan Chronicle reports on police comments  that Indian the law tackling the DVD and CD piracy lacks teeth with a police spokesperson saying “We keep on arresting vendors and distributors of pirated CDs and DVDs but most of them get bails on the same day. As this piracy is an organized operation, use of the provisions of Goonda Act might prove useful in dealing with the issue,” they say. Police recently arrested 10 vendors and seized more than 7,000 pirated CDs in Aluva but the accused were bailed the same day by the magistrates court. The vendors are booked under sections of Indian Copyright Act, 1957 (for CD or DVD piracy) and if a computer is used in the crime, sections of The Information Technology Act, 2,000 are added to the case. However sub-Inspector  Mohammed Nissar said “what normally happens is that the accused would claim before the magistrate that the CDs don’t belong to them. As it’s difficult to prove otherwise, they get bail”  Police officials point out that use of provisions of The Kerala Anti-Social Activities (Prevention) Act, 2007, widely known as Goonda Act, could give a boost to tackle CD…

Kiwi MP caught out in copyright tweet
Copyright , Internet / May 2011
New Zealand

COPYRIGHT Internet It seems that a pro-copyright New Zealand parliament member, Melissa Lee, has been caught in a copyright quagmire. It turns out that just hours before she spoke out in support of the controversial new copyright law (the New Zealand version of the ‘three strikes’ law, see below) being rushed through parliament, she tweeted how pleased she was with a compilation of K-Pop songs a friend copied for her. The New Zealand legislation is “more draconian than other countries”. With the potential for internet users  ‘suspected’ of sharing copyrighted material online three times losing their Internet access for six months, critics say that the new law also shifts the burden of proof to the alleged infringer who will need to prove their innocence Torrentfreak commented “Although it’s easy to call Lee’s mistake out as hypocrisy, it might be even worse than that. What if she truly believes that copying a legally bought song for a friend is okay? That would mean that even legislators who vote on copyright legislation don’t fully grasp what they’re doing or as one blogger put it “The serious aspect to this story, apart from the cruel pleasure in watching someone stumble over the very…

Kiwi three strikes prompts cyber attacks
Copyright , Internet / May 2011
New Zealand

COPYRIGHT Internet The New Zealand government’s new ‘three strikes’ anti-piracy proposals, which have finally moved into law and are due to come into effect in September (2011) have prompted a fresh wave of protests and the threat of cyber attacks on the Government’s websites. The Copyright (Infringing File Sharing) Amendment Bill has caused immense controversy in New Zealand, particularly in the blogsphere, with many online commentators calling the bill ‘draconian’ and questioning why the bill was rushed through the New Zealand Parliament reportedly using emergency procedures invoked to help victims of the Christchurch earthquake for cover. In particular Section 92A which initially placed the onus on ISPs to disconnect repeat infringers met with fierce opposition when it was mooted two years ago and whilst it has been amended as it currently stands it does provide for a ‘three strikes’ system which ultimately allows for the disconnection of internet users for repeat infringements. However, whilst the ability of copyright owners to apply to have repeat offenders disconnected remains in the legislation, it will not come into effect unless after two years it is shown that other less severe sanctions are ineffective.” However what does remain is the requirement for ISPs to…

Internet companies challenge French data collection law
Copyright , Internet , Privacy / May 2011
France

COPYRIGHT / PRIVACY Internet The BBC reports that Google, EBay and Facebook are among a group of net heavyweights taking the French government to court – the legal challenge has been brought by The French Association of Internet Community Services (ASIC) and relates to government plans to keep web users’ personal data for a year. The case will be heard by the State Council, France’s highest judicial body. The law obliges a range of e-commerce sites, video and music services and webmail providers to keep a host of data on customers. This includes users’ full names, postal addresses, telephone numbers and passwords. The data must be handed over to the authorities if demanded. Police, the fraud office, customs, tax and social security bodies will all have the right of access. ASIC head Benoit Tabaka believes that the data law is unnecessarily draconian. “Several elements are problematic,” he said. “For instance, there was no consultation with the European Commission. Our companies are based in several European countries. “Our activities target many national markets, so it is clear that we need a common approach,” said Mr Tabaka. ASIC also thinks that passwords should not be collected and warned that retaining them could…

Has Pandora Been Breaking Internet Privacy Laws?
Internet , Privacy / May 2011
USA

PRIVACY Internet ARTICLE LINK:  By Nicholas Jackson When the lawyers representing Pandora Media filed the papers with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) to seek an initial public offering (IPO) “a dirty little secret got out”. After digging through the nearly 150-page document, various technology reporters noticed that the popular streaming music service has been issued a subpoena by a federal grand jury. The subpoena concerns how the company has been sharing personal data through its smartphone application. Read more at http://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2011/04/has-pandora-been-breaking-internet-privacy-laws/236813/

Cohl’s lawsuit against Live Nation allowed to proceed
USA

CONTRACT / COMPETITION Live events industry A US judge has denied Live Nation’s request that a lawsuit filed against them by the live music conglom’s former Chairman, Michael Cohl be dismissed. Live Nation and Cohl are in a legal dispute over the agreement the two parties reached when they parted company back in 2008. That agreement allowed Cohl to continue to work as a promoter with certain big name artists – most notably the Rolling Stones – in return for the former Chairman paying the live music firm nearly $10 million over a number of years. Live Nation sued Cohl last year claiming that he had defaulted on those multi-million dollar payments. Cohl then counter-sued claiming Live Nation were already in breach of contract for interfering in his efforts to secure the rights to promote a mooted Rolling Stones fiftieth anniversary tour. Live Nation requested Cohl’s countersuit be dismissed, partly on the grounds that the Stones tour at the heart of the specific dispute hadn’t, in the end, happened, and was only being vaguely considered by the band at the time the two parties squabbled about it. But, according to Billboard, US District Court Judge Cecilia Altonaga this week said…

Vandals take on Variety
Artists , Trade Mark / May 2011
USA

TRADE MARK Artists Hollywood trade newspaper Variety has lost in its attempt to pursue a trademark claim in Delaware against the punk band The Vandals. This is just the first battle in the fight and whilst it has gone in favour of the band, it is not a decision on the substantive matter in the case – just the forum where the case will be heard. The case will now move to a California federal court, since Vandals bassist and lawyer Joe Escalante, who is representing the band in the lawsuit, is based in Los Angeles. The case goes back to a 2004 album by the band, their 10th, titled “Hollywood Potato Chip,” which posed the band’s name in lettering on the cover quite similar to the trademarked Variety logo. Reed Elsevier, Variety’s parent company, sent a cease-and-desist letter and entered into a settlement with the band, which agreed to change the cover art. The agreement stipulated that band members would have to pay $50,000 plus attorneys fees if the group ever reneged. It now seems that the offending image had popped up again on the band’s website and that of their label Kung Fu Records. The band claimed it…

Holy Fuck – shock horror – Holy Fuck’s name might offend!
Advertising , Live Events / May 2011
UK

ADVERTISING Live events industry The Advertising Standards Authority (ASA, and twice mentioned this month!) have ruled that live events promoter Kilimanjaro cannot run adverts for Holy Fuck tours in mainstream newspapers that contain the band’s name. The ASA received a complaint about an advert for the Holy Fuck tour after it appeared in the Guardian Guide which argued that “the ad was offensive and inappropriate for use in a supplement that was likely to be seen by children”.  Kilimanjaro apologised for any offence caused to the complainant, but made it clear that as the band’s name was Holy Fuck it was used on lots of other advertising literature without complaint and, indeed, the word fuck itself is used in mainstream press (indeed at the time of writing, on national TV courtesy of Wayne Rooney). However the ASA upheld the complaint saying that whilst it noted “that the Guide was targeted at older teens and adults” that “we considered that, because it was placed in an entertainment listings supplement to a national newspaper, the ad was likely to be seen by a wide variety of readers including children. We considered, in that context, that the name Holy Fuck was likely to…

Copyright Fight Ensues Over Rebecca Black’s ‘Friday’
USA

COPYRIGHT/CONTRACT Music publishing, record labels The internet viral hit of a 13 year old called Rebecca Black singing a song called “Friday” has sparked potential new litigation about who actually owns the sound recording – and the song. Black’s parents paid a company called Ark Music Factory (AMF) to produce a music video of a song that was written by Clarence Jey and Patrice Wilson – who run AMF. Here’s the seeming legal conundrum – no one quite seems to know who owns what.  Jey and Wilson would have held the original rights to the composition as authors, while Black probably holds the copyright on the recording itself (though, there may be some questions about the musicians who played on the track). But its al dependent on the terms of the contract which was signed between the Blacks and AMF – and I am guessing behind that, the contracts that AMF itself has with Jey, Wilson and recording artists who put together the recording as well as the video director. A Rolling Stone Report says that “the agreement that Black signed with Ark in November stipulates that Black has 100 percent ownership and control of ‘Friday,’ including the master recording and the music video.” Seeming…

POD sues label
Artists , Contract / May 2011
USA

CONTRACT Artists Christian rockers POD are suing their record label, US independent INO Records, over claims that the label is in breach of contract for refusing to pay a $400,000 advance once the band confirmed they were ready to start recording a new album last November.  The band say the advance was due once work began on the follow up to 2008’s ‘When Angels & Serpents Dance’, which was their first long player for the indie after leaving former label Atlantic in 200.  POD are seeking damages while stating that, because of the breach, the band is “abandoning all its obligations to INO under the agreement”. The suit does not reveal in detail about INO’s position and the label has yet to respond. http://www.aceshowbiz.com/news/view/w0011508.html

Rick James estate to test the FBT (‘Eminen’) court ruling
Artists , Contract , Record Labels / May 2011
USA

CONTRACT Artists, record labels Administrators of the Estate of Rick James are planning to test the extent of Universal’s unsuccessful defence to the claim in FBT Productions v Interscope where the court ruled that the music major’s relationship with services like iTunes should be treated as a licensing arrangement rather than a record sales relationship akin to that record companies have with traditional retailers meaning the artist (or here producer) was entitled t a large share of royalties. It’s an important distinction because many record contracts give artists a bigger cut of royalties when they are generated by licensing deals rather than record sales. The distinction seemingly applies to many contracts that pre-date the digital revolution, some of which still generate large revenues. The lawsuit says: “By this lawsuit, the plaintiff seeks to compel UMG to account to and pay its other recording artists and music producers (ie, those not directly involved in the FBT litigation) their rightful share of the licensing income paid to UMG for downloads and mastertones of the recorded music licensed by UMG to these entities”. Commenting on the action, Jeff Jampol, manager of the James estate, told Billboard: “In assessing and watching the Eminem case, the original…

Axl agrees to lateness clause for Rock in Rio booking
Contract , Live Events / May 2011
Brazil

CONTRACT Live events Axl Rose has agreed to a clause in his contract with the Brazilian Rock In Rio festival this October that commits him to pay a fine if Guns n Roses come n stage late. The band played Rock In Rio in 2001 and 2006 and in 2001 arrived two hours late. The festival’s vice president Roberta Medina told Brazilian magazine Epoca: “[Guns N Roses’ appearance this year was] the hardest to arrange on the history of the festival. Bands are usually on time, but Guns is a different case. Lateness like the one in 2001 … can make the public feel uncomfortable and cause them to possibly start a riot”. http://www.torontosun.com/entertainment/music/2011/04/03/17860996-wenn-story.html

Dre wins royalties claim against Death Row
Artists , Contract , Record Labels / May 2011
USA

CONTRACT Artists, record labels Dr Dre has won a royalties lawsuit against Death Row Records in relation to his 1992 debut album ‘The Chronic’, Dre sued the label over digital sales of the album arguing that Death Row did not have permission to sell ‘The Chronic’ digitally, while also claiming he hadn’t been paid proper royalties on the record since 1996.  The Federal Court agreed, saying that the digital release breached the label’s agreement with the rapper as it needed Dre’s permission and District Judge Christina Snyder ordered that 100% of the profits from digital sales of ‘The Chronic’ should go to Dre. A separate part of the same lawsuit, claiming Death Row was guilty of false advertising and trademark infringement for re-releasing the physical version of ‘The Chronic’, was dismissed last year. http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1662444/dr-dre-the-chronic-lawsuit-death-row-records.jhtml

And finally, our obligatory Royal Wedding story ….
Licensing , Live Events / May 2011
UK

LICENSING Live events Here’s an interesting article in Wales Online about the bizarre implications of the 2003 Licensing Act – Welsh harpists would need a licence to perform at a street party, but Morris Dancers don’t! In Morris Dancers offer live music loophole for Royal Wedding parties, Rhodri Clark explains that The Act exempts the performance of “Morris Dancing or any dancing of a similar nature or the performance of unamplified, live music as an integral part of such a performance”. Read more at  http://www.walesonline.co.uk/news/wales-news/2011/04/17/morris-dancers-offer-live-music-loophole-for-royal-wedding-parties-91466-28533447/